Spotted around the web: Intellectual disability, chromosome 16, Greta Thunberg

Research roundup

  • In a study of more than 1,000 children in the United Kingdom with intellectual disability, 62 percent are boys, and 46 percent also have autism. BMJ Open
  • Transgender teenagers do not often disclose their gender identity to doctors. Journal of Adolescent Health
  • Adaptations to a standard cognitive assessment may help more people with intellectual disability participate in clinical studies. Neurology
  • Children of obese mothers may have elevated odds of having attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The Journal of Pediatrics
  • Gender disparities in career productivity have increased as more women have entered academic STEM fields. PNAS
  • A rare mutation that leads to autism and intellectual disability may shed new light on the genes of chromosome 16. European Journal of Medical Genetics
  • Women who take antibiotics called macrolides during the first trimester of pregnancy may raise their chances of having a child on the spectrum.
    The BMJ
  • Nearly 20 percent of informal, unpaid caregivers say they are not in good health, according to a U.S. national survey. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
  • Too few therapists who use applied behavior analysis with autistic toddlers keep a focus on playfulness and positivity. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Science and society

  • Abuse and neglect continue to plague former residents of Willowbrook, an institution for children with developmental disabilities that New York City officials closed in 1975. The New York Times
  • A culinary arts program in Miami, Florida, trains high-school students with developmental disabilities for food service careers and independent living. News 4 Jax
  • A Maryland legislator has proposed a new office to coordinate autism services and support for the state. The Bay Net
  • Addressing sources of stress during pregnancy may help prevent a range of emotional, behavioral and cognitive conditions in children. Biological Psychiatry
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved a new genetic test for fragile X syndrome. FDA.gov
  • The U.K. has no standardized measures to assess the progress of schoolchildren with intellectual disabilities. Disability and Society
  • Malena Ernman describes what led to an autism diagnosis for her daughter, Greta Thunberg, in an excerpt from a new book written by the family.
    The Guardian

Autism and the arts

  • The University of Dhaka in Bangladesh offers an art camp for autistic children that celebrates ability and expression. The Daily Star

Originally published on Spectrum

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Spotted around the web: Scientific jargon, savant social skills, impostor syndrome

Research roundup

  • Self-injury is associated with suicidal behavior in autistic people who do not have intellectual disability. Molecular Autism
  • Specialized recruiting practices and committed supervisors are key for making workplaces more inclusive for people with disabilities. Journal of Vocational Rehabilition
  • A 10-step process can help neuroscientists model the biological processes they study. eNeuro
  • The use of jargon, even when it is defined, can lower a reader’s comprehension of scientific information. Journal of Language and Social Psychology
  • Mutations of a gene called CDC42BPB may be associated with autism and intellectual disability. American Journal of Medical Genetics
  • The American Academy of Neurology has issued a new guideline for sleep problems in children and teenagers with autism. Neurology
  • Autistic people with savant abilities tend to have stronger social skills than others on the spectrum. Scientific Reports
  • Older adults who have a close relative with autism experience more mental health challenges than those with no family ties to the condition. Autism Research
  • Parents of young adults with autism talk to their children about sexuality, but not about how the condition might affect sexual relationships. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
  • Autistic and typical people modify their behavior to fit in socially, but those with autism do so more often. Molecular Autism
  • After 24 weeks of pivotal response treatment, a form of applied behavior analysis, autistic children vocally responded to their parents more often. Autism

Science and society

  • The Trump administration’s 2021 budget proposal includes cuts to nearly a dozen federal science and technology agencies. Science
  • A California-based company called Cognoa is distributing an app to screen for autism traits; diagnostic and therapeutic apps by the same company are awaiting approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Fierce Biotech
  • Fear and suspicion greet people who have epilepsy, writes an academic with the condition. Wellcome Collection
  • Colleges and universities seeking to increase diversity and inclusion should address ‘impostor syndrome’ by acknowledging it and providing support for students and new faculty. Science
  • Getting an autism diagnosis gave author Sarah Kurchak a new outlook and perspective on life. Vox
  • Emergency responders in in Saginaw, Michigan, have equipped their ambulances with autism sensory kits that include noise-cancelling ear muffs and fidget devices. MLive

Autism and the arts

  • Two autistic artists presented their work at a literary festival in Kochi, India. The Hindu

Publishing

  • A Virginia-based nonprofit technology organization called the Center for Open Science has created a measure for evaluating scientific research articles based on transparency and reproducibility. Center for Open Science

Originally published on Spectrum

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Everything Changes

In my Johnstown days I was introduced to a wide array of music by my roommates, one of those bands would be Staind. While I was enorlled there, their Chapter V would be released. My roommate and I made the two-bus trip across the Greater Johnstown Area to Circuit City to supply our music. Anyway, there is a song on that album that stuck with me for several years after “Everything Changes.”

Those two words are now a common metefore. This months for one reason or another have become a wide array of series of changes that have occured beyond my control. In two weeks time my demeanor has changed about the events immensely. I have also had an epiphany of sorts seeing why I act differently to those close to me, so in a way that has helped too.

Several things have happened within the last two days. Yesterday, I go to the local hospital to get weighed and to workout. Because of the cold weather and Daylight Standard Time, I have been having someone transporting me as I have to be there before sunrise. Another change was that I had my workout clothes on as it was my day off. Nonetheless, my mother dropped me off and I entered the building. As I went to the chapel as I do on a weekly basis to have daily devotion and prayer, of which my cell phone is an important tool in this, I could not locate it. I searched twice and I did not panic, I took a deep breath and proceeded to head to my destination where I know a “house” phone is available to make local calls. I having my prodigy of a memory, call my mother on her cell phone who verifies that she has it and will return it to me after work. I said I would be fine until the lunch meeting with my father in a little over five hours as their was a world before cell phones. (Really?) She said she would let my dad know and we hang up.

If this happened to me five years ago, this could have been a totally different situation. One instance I remember that we were out together, and I lived with them then. When I realized my phone was missing when I was getting out with her at the grocery store, she called my phone for the slight chance that it might be in the car. When the voicemail came on, I screamed “Whoever has this phone, I hope you do the right (Expletive) thing.” I said this not realizing that message could only be heard by me as I was the only one who could (at the time) have access to to the voice mail. What I didn’t also realize was that the one who cared the most was right beside me. Reality sunk in when my we returned home and my mother made me play that message to see how idiotic it made me sound and how I acted. It makes me embarassed for me to hear myself.

Fast forward to the present time, I got weighed, worked out and had breakfast at the hospital. Following that I ran errands then stopped by the library to use texting app on the cell phone carrier website to make sure anything wasn’t wrong, then my weekly appointment, of which I resumed my normal routine with my father until I saw my phone again, yes some friends were checking on me, but I let them know I was fine.

Today, I was notified that there would be slight change in my transportation from work when I return. At first brewed upon it for some time (another blog post for another time) then realized that it hardly didn’t affect me other than one small thing.

In a world where “stuff happens” Autists must accept change and garner the skills necessary to regulate their emotions gracefully. It has been a great process since first diagnosed when change has occurred in my life, however with the proper skills and technique, you can control these symptoms.

Suicide Prevention and Crisis Support in Pennsylvania

Suicide Prevention
Suicide claims the lives of over 2,000 Pennsylvanians each year, according to the latest CDC statistics. At the time of their deaths, the majority of people who die by suicide have a diagnosable and treatable mental illness. Medication and therapy can be very effective in treating depression.

Visit Prevent Suicide PA’s website to take a screening to see if you are at risk, learn warning signs, and find out how you can help.

If you’re thinking about suicide or worried about a friend or loved one, call the National Suicide Prevention Line 1-800-273-8255.
Mental Health Crisis Intervention Mental Health Crisis Intervention Services provides emergency mental health services 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and are accessible to any individual in the community who may need such resources. All individuals in Pennsylvania may utilize the public behavioral health system during a crisis situation regardless of socio-economic status, health insurance coverage, or history of established connections to the behavioral health service delivery system.Crisis Intervention Services may include: 24/7 telephone crisis service, walk-in crisis service, mobile crisis service, medical-mobile crisis service, and crisis residential service. Crisis services are to provide intervention, assessment, counseling, screening, and disposition.
Crisis Hotlines in Pennsylvania

Fayetteville Elementary School Students Learns About Disabilities — Fort Smith/Fayetteville News | 5newsonline KFSM 5NEWS

FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. (KFSM) — Vandergriff Elementary School held its Diverse-Ability program for kindergarten through fourth-grade classes Friday (Feb. 7). The program taught students about many physical and mental disabilities including autism and physical impairments. Educators say teaching kids kindness will make better classmates in the future and help them appreciate their health and wellness. There were six stations in the school including learning about living with blindness, deafness, autism, ADHD, being in a wheelchair/walker and more. The students also met […]

Fayetteville Elementary School Students Learns About Disabilities — Fort Smith/Fayetteville News | 5newsonline KFSM 5NEWS